211 1. Identifying specific challenges  of addressing AMR in the Indian context and learning from the UK’s experience in this area.
2. Understanding  the various molecular mechanisms that lead to the emergence of AMR.
3. Discussing methods for drug design against resistant strains.
4. Elucidation of the genomics approach for identifying new targets as well as new chemical entities, biologics and vaccines.
5. Involving early career scientists and promoting interdisciplinary, bilateral collaborations between groups that will seek research funding to further pursue the proposed projects on AMR.
6. Formulating policy recommendations for addressing AMR as a broader, socioeconomic and public health issue by engaging relevant stakeholders and domain experts.
7. Coordinating and monitoring the progress of the research links established during the workshop through web-based platforms.

Antibiotic resistance is a global problem, but antibiotic use has its greatest effects locally. It is in every country’s self-interest—for the health of its own population—to prolong antibiotic effectiveness. This means reducing use where possible and making sure that antibiotics are accessible when needed. Rather than regulating individual actions, however, policymakers should address the mindset about antibiotics. Instead of being the default treatment for a host of mild ailments— particularly coughs, colds, and uncomplicated diarrhea— antibiotics must be considered life-saving medicines to be used when needed.

- The State of the World’s Antibiotics 2015 (CDDEP)

Resistance among common pathogens causing community- and hospital-associated infections is increasing worldwide, though regional patterns of resistance vary. Significantly, resistance to last-resort antibiotics has led to an epidemic of hard-to-treat infections, such as MRSA, ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae, CRE, NDM-1, VRE, and gonorrheal infections. These infections have the potential to spread quickly through international trade and travel.

- The State of the World’s Antibiotics 2015 (CDDEP)


“A post-antibiotic era – in which common infections and minor injuries can kill – far from being an apocalyptic fantasy, is instead a very real possibility for the 21st century.”

- Antimicrobial Resistance: Global Report on Surveillance 2014 (WHO)

“For a long time, there have been newspaper stories and covers of magazines that talked about ‘The end of antibiotics, question mark.’ Well, now I would say you can change the title to ‘The end of antibiotics, period.’”

- An Official from the CDC on PBS’s Frontline in 2013